Baldness generates recurring complaints in men who have a family history or hormonal problems, it is characterized by the loss or thinning of hair strands. What many do not know, however, is that the problem also happens to women. It is called female androgenetic alopecia, which is responsible for the drastic decrease in volume throughout the scalp.
According to SBC (Brazilian Hair Society), 50% of women suffer from hair loss at some stage of life, but 5% of the total may have a much more serious problem. “Different reasons can cause female alopecia: hormonal and nutritional changes; diseases of the scalp; prolonged use of medications; and autoimmune diseases, among others,” says the dermatologist at the IPO Hospital (Paranaense Institute of Otorhinolaryngology), Alessandra Zeve. “In addition, there is androgenetic alopecia, which predominates in the upper region of the scalp and has a genetic origin”.
Androgenetic alopecia usually begins after puberty, with peaks of prevalence between the ages of 20 and 40 and in periods of perimenopause (which marks the end of a woman’s reproductive life and precedes menopause). The other baldness can happen at any stage of life.
“Culturally, baldness is better known as something masculine, which is why many women have difficulty perceiving the signs”, reflects Alessandra. “Female alopecia is usually slower and more gradual, making it even more difficult to recognize the disease.”
The first sign is the decrease in capillary volume, with rarefaction mainly in the region of the inlets, making the scalp more visible in this area. The treatment for alopecia can be carried out in different ways, one of which involves the oral use of polyvitamins or antiandrogens, says the dermatologist. In other cases, the use of more invasive treatments may be necessary. “When it comes to the most current technology, one can seek the option of infiltrating MMP, a medicine applied to the scalp, or the robotic microneedling associated with Drug Delivery”, says Alessandra. Drug Delivery is characterized by the local use of substances that act directly on hair follicles. “When the woman has a family history of baldness and starts with the first symptoms,