Unlike men, female pattern baldness is rarely hereditary. But if in the case of men the lack of hair is seen in a normal way by society, hair loss in women can lead to an even greater loss of self-esteem, and even cases of social self-exclusion. Nevertheless, it is a very common problem.
More than half of women experience hair loss between the ages of 60 and 80, and almost all experience occasional falls in stressful situations, during menopause, or due to medication intake, thyroid problems, hormonal disorders, genetic sensitivity to Dihydrotestosterone, a hormone that results from the action of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase on testosterone (which also exists in women), among other causes.
PREGNANCY, PILL AND MENOPAUSE
Hair loss, or alopecia, occurs naturally after pregnancy, and hair treatment is generally not necessary, except for exceptions where there is a hormonal imbalance and the fall becomes excessive.
Estrogen is a hormone that keeps women more serene and stable, important characteristics during pregnancy, and also benefits the hair. By producing a greater amount of estrogen during pregnancy, the body’s balance is altered for the benefit of the baby. This interferes with the hair growth cycle: although new hair appears, old ones fall with less intensity, contributing to a strong and shiny hair.
In the postpartum period, the body and hormones return to normal, and the hair that should have fallen out during pregnancy starts to fall in greater quantity. Hair loss usually occurs between the second and sixth month after delivery, starting (similar to male pattern baldness) from the forehead line, receding at the temples, and thinning throughout the scalp. If mothers eliminate or reduce the period of breastfeeding, the fall tends to increase.
The pill can also cause alopecia, as it introduces synthetic hormones into the body that unbalance natural hormones, and can affect hair growth.
During menopause, estrogen production gradually decreases. As a result, many women find that their hair is thinner on the head, while those on the chin and fluff become thicker and darker. The faster the menopause occurs, the faster the hair loss, creating levels of distress and stress that can aggravate the situation.
It is advisable to act in a timely manner and consult a specialist, as shampoos, creams, ampoules, and other products sold indiscriminately do not take into account the specific condition of each woman, her lifestyle and other individual characteristics.
Like male alopecia, female alopecia is classified by a reference scale, in this case the Ludwig Scale, which consists of several progressive stages of hair loss.